High blood pressure in pregnancy or gestational hypertension is a common problem that commonly occurs after 20 weeks of pregnancy. However, if you are getting high blood pressure in early pregnancy, it is quite possible you had this problem before you got pregnant.
Symptoms of high blood pressure
Generally, blood pressure is monitored in every doctor’s visit during pregnancy. If your blood pressure is slightly towards the higher end, doctors may advise rest or further monitoring. Preeclampsia is also a type of high blood pressure in pregnancy and it generally sets in late pregnancy. Gestational hypertension can sometimes lead to preeclampsia. Here are some of the symptoms of high blood pressure in pregnancy or preeclampsia.
• Rapid weight gain
• Swelling of hands and face
• Very bad headache
• Difficulty in seeing and breathing
• Belly pain
• Reduced urination
Is high blood pressure in pregnancy serious?
In almost 70% of cases mild or even moderate high blood pressure in pregnancy wouldn’t cause problems to you or your baby. But if you have high blood pressure in early pregnancy then the chances of getting preeclampsia gets higher.
Preeclampsia impacts how well the placenta works. If the placenta is not working the way it should, then it can affect the way baby grows. This is simply because your baby may not get all the required nutrients and oxygen it requires.
To confirm on preeclampsia, doctors do a urine test to check the presence of protein. Having protein in your urine and high blood pressure is a sign of preeclampsia. The chances of getting preeclampsia are also higher if one is overweight.
Treatment for high blood pressure in pregnancy
High blood pressure in pregnancy treatment is dependent on your condition. You may be advised extra monitoring, blood tests, urine tests and regular scans to check the growth of your baby. If you had blood pressure problem before pregnancy, then she may advise medicines to keep it down to 150/100.
Will high blood pressure affect the baby’s birth?
Even if you have high blood pressure it is possible to have a normal delivery. But with high blood pressure during the last month of pregnancy, the doctor may start labor artificially also called induction. High BP also requires frequent monitoring during labor. Overall, with the right measures you will have a healthy baby without any problems.