Common Causes of Miscarriage That You Should Know

Common Causes of Miscarriage That You Should Know

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causes of miscarriage

Miscarriage is a painful event. The feeling of being pregnant and suddenly you getting robbed of that feeling makes you feel empty, hollow and horrible. The doctors tell you to take it in your stride, says it didn’t happen because of something you did or didn’t do. It’s just one of the things that happen and to pinpoint a reason is difficult. But every mom to be, wants an answer. The ‘why’ never really stops haunting.

Even though the doctors may not be able to tell the exact cause of miscarriage, there are some common causes of miscarriage every pregnant woman should know. It helps you understand things better, take a practical look at things and if there are any symptoms, raise an alarm to the doctor.

Miscarriage Cause: Chromosomal Abnormalities

How it leads to miscarriage

As per medical research, mismatched chromosomes lead to over 60% of miscarriages. There are 23 pairs of chromosomes that a baby gets from mom and dad. If even one or the other chromosome is faulty then they can’t line up properly, leading to a chromosomal abnormality and in such cases, pregnancy leads to a miscarriage. Generally, as a practice, if you have two or more miscarriages in a row then medical tests are done to check for chromosomal anomalies.

What you can do

Even though a miscarriage scars you emotionally, doctors tell you that there are high chances that the next pregnancy would be successful. However, if there are two miscarriages in a row, then the tissue is sent to the lab for examination. If chromosomal testing shows that there are no issues there, then doctors can immediately start looking at other factors that are leading to the miscarriage and treatment can be done.

Miscarriage Cause: Uterine Abnormalities and Incompetent Cervixes

How it leads to miscarriage

If the uterus is abnormally shaped or divided, known as a uterine septum, then there is a chance of a miscarriage happening. This is because the embryo either can’t implant or once it has implanted, it doesn’t get the required nourishment it requires to grow. The other situation can be a weakened or incompetent cervix that can lead to a miscarriage. Towards the end of the first trimester, the fetus grows large enough that the cervix starts to bulge. If the cervix is weakened, then it can’t hold the fetus in.

What you can do

The unfortunate thing in this situation is that doctors don’t come to know about this problem until there have been recurrent miscarriages or the pregnancy has moved into the second semester. The good news, however, is that uterine septum can be corrected by surgery. If there is an incompetent cervix, the physician will put a stitch in the cervix to close it, with a procedure called cerclage.

Miscarriage Cause:  Thyroid and Diabetes

How it leads to miscarriage

Thyroid conditions, both high and low can lead to unfavorable uterine environments. The same holds true for diabetes as well. These health issues, make the conditions difficult for a pregnancy to survive.

What you can do

The very first thing to do is to keep diabetes and thyroid under control. Tell your doctor at the very onset of your health issues and go through any recommended treatments to keep the levels under control.

Miscarriage Cause:  Lifestyle (Cigarettes, Alcohol, Drugs, Environmental Toxins)

How they lead to miscarriage

Smokers are always at a risk of having a miscarriage. Even drinking more than two alcoholic drinks a day can lead to a miscarriage.

What you can do

The solution is simple, just give up on these habits. It is not good for your health and nor for your pregnancy. If your workplace is unhealthy for your pregnancy, share your concern with your doctor and get the best advice.

Understanding these common causes of miscarriage may not be a foolproof solution to avoid a miscarriage but it definitely helps in being aware and taking the necessary precautions.

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